Monday, September 24, 2012

An interesting assortment of hand-picked chosen cities in an 18th century shul tool

Here's an interesting page from this calendar tool, printed in Leiden in 1756, for use in calculating the molad for kiddush ha-chodesh. What I find particularly interesting are the chosen cities, from Alexandria in Egypt to London to Lima, Peru to Siam to Paris. Warsaw and Stockholm are there, but not Vilna. Also of note is that the designation Yavan "Greece" is used instead of Russia (or Rusland).

Here is the title page, which gives the author as Raphael Halevi Hanover. From the stamps you can also see that while it ended up in the YIVO Library (and made it to New York, where it was scanned by but prior owners included the Library of the Great Synagogue of Vilna, S. J. Fuenn - it is inscribed as a gift from his father-in-law Mordechai Nathansohn - and another stamp which is hard to read, but I think may plausibly read Daniel Jaffeh, who is otherwise known as Daniel Itzig, famous 18th century Court Jew and patron of Jewish learning; he founded the Berlin beit hamidrash frequented by the Pri Megadim, Isaac Satanow, and others. But of course I can only read "Daniel," the fact that the Latin initials are "D. J." and that it looks like the Hebrew surname is three letters, which may be yud-heh-feh.


  1. I believe you meant yud-feh-heh?

  2. Steg (dos iz nit der šteg)7:01 PM, September 24, 2012

    Interesting how "Hodu Mizrahhit" includes both India (Goa) and China (Pekin[g]). Is Shotland normal Yiddish for Scotland?

  3. Well, it's normal German.

    and Dutch

    In Sefer Habris by Reb Pinchas Eli of Vilna he writes - if memory serves - "Sotland" with a samekh. IIRC. I once spent time trying to see if it made sense that this was because of his Litvish schibilant pronunciation problem rather than a typo, quirk or attempt to transliterate from the English/ Scots.

  4. Also interesting that Lima, "West Indies" is the only city in the Americas to be mentioned.

  5. My father remembered "yevonish" as a term that his Hungarian parents used as an equivalent of "non-Jewish eastern European." According to an article by Michael Wex, "yovn" was a Yiddish term for a soldier, especially a Russian soldier. Wex explains:

    "Yovn comes from yavan, Hebrew for Greece or a Greek, a word with no military associations in the original. It came to mean soldier in Yiddish because it sounds very much like Ivan; a yovn is basically a Czarist G.I. Joe. Ale yevonim hobn eyn ponim, says the proverb; 'all soldiers look alike'--you've seen one of them rape and pillage, you've seen all of them rape and pillage. Yevonish, the adjective, can mean the Russian language, while yevonisheh toyreh, 'Ivanian Torah,' is filthy language, especially in Russian."

  6. S., in modern Dutch the "ch" is always pronounced "kh", so it sounds like "Skhotland." I certainly don't know how it was pronounced in the 1750s.

  7. Did not realize that. I thought /gg/ was /kh/. In all likelihood it was pronounced like /kh/ in the 18th century as well.

  8. To me the three letter below the doniel read ברא with dots on top to create roshei teivos. What was D.J. fathers name? As a chabadnick I've grown up with the saying ווי א יון אין סוכה I always thought that it relates to the Russian greek orthodox church...

  9. A look at a Dutch Jewish website reveals how the "sh" sound is generally dealt with in that language: "Kosjer," "Sjabbat," "Sjoel." But regardless of how the Dutch pronounce "Schotland," the author's "Shotlandia" is probably based on the Yiddish name for the country, "Shotland," which is of course phonetically the same as the German.

    Mendel, it did occur to me that "yovn" might contain an allusion to the Greek Orthodox church. Otherwise, why wouldn't they have just left it as "Ivan"?

  10. Interesting that Candia (Chania in Crete) rates a mention.

  11. You can carry it with you always and enjoy your vaporization session
    anytime you want. The WISPR vaporizer is made of the
    best and most inert materials like polycarbonate and the source
    of heating is butane gas. In this fast moving world, smoking
    is more of a passion then habit.

    my web-site ... best portable vaporizer

  12. Not only is your physical body going to change, watching your
    belly get bigger as the baby grows, but you will also go through many other changes.
    A bi-metal regulator is used to help keep it working as well as possible.
    The active ingredients can be achieved at different levels of heating.

    Visit my web blog - portable vaporizer

  13. It can be carried freely from one place to another and if you are addicted to your sessions, then you can carry this device as you move
    to new places during your day. A stationary Vaporiser uses power from the outlet and have generally better
    vapor quality and lower upkeep cost. Take some time to understand the process and collect necessary supplies.

    Feel free to visit my blog portable Vaporizer

  14. Make sure that a friend knows where you will be
    and at what times, as well as the name of the person.
    Realistic features can make all the difference in
    a completed and coherent look. With an Iolite
    Vaporizer you have a device that helps to transform water into steam; thereby it releases pure vapour into the pipe that can be inhaled.

    Here is my website: Volcano Vaporizer

  15. Mike/Green Samurai Ranger Mike, portrayed by Brittany Anne Telefonsex Pirtle, is a great way to add some spunk to your
    language. Memory and intelligence Piaget, then, when a hornet lands
    on my left arm, I raise my right hand, and I apply the scheme isn't quite like those in which I've previously used it.
    You could have a code to write sensitive information in, a unique language to add
    color to a language.

  16. So, does this mean for the future of Windows Mobile, the company has just introduced 30 sex chat FPS
    720p video recording.

    My blog post :: sexcam

  17. telefonsex is great, yes, you absolutely will
    be on your voice. I mean, it's not a" free pass" as it puts users in touch with your freaky side. See he likes role playing that I am his wife and a pre-Hollywood Minnie Driver as the former escort girl with whom he has an affair with his cleaner. As a PSO for nearly a year, certain boundaries have stretched to include subjects previously unexplored.

    my blog; Telefon Sex



Related Posts with Thumbnails