The first is by Marshallik, the blogging name of Israel Zangwill. I haven't traced the original report, but he is saying that following the death of Kaiser Frederick III on June 15 Rabbi Marcus Lehmann suggested that all Jewish boys born between the day of his death and July 15 should be named Frederick. Zangwill has some fun at Lehmann's expense.
The second is a letter called Wanted, a Dayan. The anonymous writer acknowledges that "Aristocrats who ride on Shabbos, and eat, drink and enjoy themselves in non-Jewish hotels, want, of course, neither a Dayan nor kosher meat. As, however, no law in England prevents anyone from being a pious Baptist, no law yet prevents anyone from being a pious Jew." He signs with a very interesting initial, which he explains. I'm telling you, these guys had style.